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Borderline Personality Disorder

​Borderline personality disorder is a long-lasting mental health problem that causes difficulty regulating or handling emotions or controlling impulses.

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Buprenorphine is an opioid medication used to treat pain and opioid addiction.

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Caffeine is a stimulant that speeds up the central nervous system. It stimulates the brain, elevates the mood and postpones fatigue.

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Cannabis is a psychoactive drug that is used for recreational and medical purposes.

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Cocaine and Crack

Cocaine is a stimulant drug that can make people feel more alert and energetic. Cocaine can also make people feel euphoric, or “high.” ​

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Cognitive behavioural therapy

CBT is a structured, time-limited, problem-focused and goal oriented form of psychotherapy. CBT helps people learn to identify, question and change how their thoughts, attitudes and beliefs relate to the emotional and behavioural reactions that cause them difficulty.

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Complementary and Alternative Therapies (CAM)

Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies are used both to help manage existing conditions and to maintain good health. Your family doctor or psychiatrist should be consulted before CAMs are added to your existing health or treatment regimes.​

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Concurrent Disorders

​Concurrent disorders are co-occurring addiction and mental health problems. No one symptom or group of symptoms is common to all concurrent disorders.

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​Clinical depression is a complex mood disorder caused by various factors, including genetic predisposition, personality, stress and brain chemistry. Treatments include psychoeducation, psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy and brain stimulation therapies (electroconvulsive therapy, transcranial magnetic stimulation and magnetic seizure therapy).

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Dual Diagnosis

​A dual diagnosis is given when a person has a developmental disability (significant limitations in cognitive functioning) and a mental health problem.

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