For Primary Care Practitioners
Centre for ADHD Awareness (CADDAC): Support for people with ADHD.
Totally ADD: Features engaging, humorous videos about adult ADHD created with comedian Rick Green.
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.).
Arlington, VA: Author. Biederman, J., Faraone, S.V., Spencer, T., Wilens, T., Norman, D., Lapey, K.A.. . . Doyle, A. (1993). Patterns of psychiatric comorbidity, cognition, and psychosocial functioning in adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 50, 1792–1798.
CADDRA–Canadian Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Resource Alliance. (2018). Canadian ADHD Practice Guidelines (4th ed.). Toronto, ON: Author. CADDRA–Canadian Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Resource Alliance. (2019).
Canadian ADHD Practice Guidelines (version 4.1). Toronto, ON: Author. Kessler, R.C., Adler, L., Ames, M., Demler, O., Faraone, S., Hiripi, E. . . .Walters, E.E. (2005).
The World Health Organization Adult ADHD Self- Report Scale (ASRS): A short screening scale for use in the general population. Psychological Medicine, 35, 245–256.
Murphy, K. & Barkley, R.A. (1996). Parents of children with ADHD: Psychological and attentional impairment. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 66, 93–102.
Volkow, N.D., Wang, G., Kollins, S.H., Wigal, T.L., Newcom, J.H., Telang, F.. . . Swanson, J.M. (2009). Evaluating dopamine reward pathway in ADHD: Clinical implications. JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, 302, 1084–1091.
Weiss, G. & Hechtman, L.T. (1993). Hyperactive Children Grown Up: ADHD in Children, Adolescents, and Adults (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
World Health Organization. (2018). International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (11th ed.). Geneva, Switzerland.
About the Author
Umesh Jain, MD, FRCPC, PhD, Associate professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto; staff psychiatrist, Child, Youth and Family Program, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON