December 10, 2012 –
Setting minimum prices for alcohol increases health and economic benefits, say
international experts, who met today for a seminar on alcohol pricing and
The meeting — sponsored by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
(CAMH), the Centre for Addictions Research of British Columbia (CARBC) and the
Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse (CCSA) — focused on new analyses on Ontario and other provinces where minimum
pricing policies have been implemented for a number of years.
Alcohol costs the Canadian economy $14.6 billion in
indirect healthcare and social costs each year. Second only to tobacco, alcohol
is a major contributor to the onset of disability and disease in the developed
world, according to the World Health Organization.
Dr. Tim Stockwell, Director of CARBC at
the University of Victoria takes questions from the audience.
Research indicates that pricing and taxation are
among the most effective policy interventions to decrease the harms related to
alcohol use. Though minimum pricing strategies have not yet been introduced
outside of Canada,
various countries are now looking towards minimum pricing policies that could
mitigate the illnesses, injuries and social problems associated with alcohol
CAMH Senior Scientist Dr. Norman Giesbrecht, who
chaired the meeting, discussed new findings showing that those who paid less
(per unit) for alcohol tended to consume more drinks. His team, in
collaboration with Dr. Tim Stockwell, Director of CARBC at the University of Victoria, recently collected data from 1,000 adults
in Ontario on
alcohol purchases, drinking patterns and attitudes towards pricing.
“There is a lot of evidence that says higher
pricing of alcohol is a powerful way to control consumption and lower negative
affects,” says Dr. Giesbrecht. “It makes a difference.”
Dr. Stockwell’s new research on the effectiveness
of minimum price polices in British Columbia and Saskatchewan found significant reductions in
overall alcohol consumption in both provinces. What’s more, alcohol-related
deaths and hospitalizations decreased in British Columbia,
following increases to minimum alcohol prices.
“The evidence is crystal clear,” remarks Dr.
Stockwell. “It’s a win-win-win situation. It means more government revenue,
more profits for industry, and better health outcomes.”
Despite some public opposition to setting higher
minimum prices for alcohol, Dr. Stockwell says that new policies won’t have
much impact on the average consumer. Pricing strategies are meant to target
heavy drinkers who tend to drink inexpensive alcohol.
Drs. John Holmes and Daniel Hill-McManus, both
researchers from the University of Sheffield,
referenced the recent proposal for minimum alcohol pricing in the United Kingdom.
Many believe that that the policy model, which is based on Canadian data —
partially collected by CAMH — was central to these policy discussions.
Other presenters included Dr. Jürgen Rehm, Director
of CAMH’s Social and Epidemiological Research and Dr. Gerald Thomas, a senior
researcher and policy analyst at the Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse.
View the full report.
The Centre for Addiction and
Mental Health (CAMH) is Canada's
largest mental health and addiction teaching hospital, as well as one of the
world's leading research centres in its field. CAMH combines clinical care,
research, education, policy development and health promotion to help transform
the lives of people affected by mental health and addiction issues. CAMH is
fully affiliated with the University
of Toronto, and is a Pan
American Health Organization/World Health Organization Collaborating Centre.
For more information, please visit www.camh.ca.
The Centre for Addictions
Research of BC (CARBC) at the University
of Victoria is a
multidisciplinary centre dedicated to the study of psychoactive substance use
and addiction in order to support community-wide efforts to promote health and
reduce harm. CARBC Scientists are drawn from Psychology, Sociology, Community
Medicine, Nursing, Anthropology, Epidemiology, Criminology and Health
Economics. The centre provides training to over 30 graduate and undergraduate
students from these disciplines and also collaborates with other centres in Canada and
overseas. Alcohol epidemiology and policy is an area of special interest at
CARBC, please visit www.carbc.ca for more information.
Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse (CCSA) provides national leadership,
develops sustainable partnerships and advances solutions to ensure that all
people in Canada
live in a healthy society free of alcohol- and other drug-related harm.
For more information contact: Michael Torres, CAMH Media Relations, 416-595-6015 or email@example.com