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First Episode Psychosis: An Information Guide Centre for Addiction
and Mental Health

What is Psychosis?

What is Psychosis?

First Episode Psychosis: An Information Guide

What is Psychosis?
Psychosis refers to a loss of contact with reality, in which people have trouble distinguishing between what is real and what is not. When this occurs, it is called a psychotic episode.

Psychosis usually first appears in a person’s late teens or early twenties. Approximately three out of every 100 people will experience a psychotic episode in their lifetimes. It occurs in men and women and across all cultures and socioeconomic groups.

What is a first episode of psychosis?
A first episode of psychosis is the first time a person experiences a psychotic episode. A first episode of psychosis is often very frightening, confusing and distressing, particularly because it is an unfamiliar experience. Unfortunately, there are also many negative stereotypes and misconceptions associated with psychosis that can further add to one’s distress.

Psychosis is treatable. Many people recover from a first episode of psychosis and never experience another psychotic episode.

In First Episode Psychosis: An Information Guide

  1. What is psychosis?
  2. The symptoms of psychosis
  3. The causes of psychosis
  4. The different types of psychosis
  5. Treatments for psychosis
  6. Family involvement — issues and concerns
  7. The process of recovery
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