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Specialty Clinics and Other Services Centre for Addiction
and Mental Health

Therapeutic Brain Intervention Service

The Brain Stimulation Treatment and Research Unit was created as part of the Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program at CAMH. The Temerty Centre for Therapeutic Brain Intervention encompasses, Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) , Magnetic Seizure Therapy(MST) and  Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS).  The service offers consultation on clients with refractory and difficult to treat psychiatric disorders. The service has a clinical research focus. The novel treatments (rTMS and MST) that are available are primarily offered in the context of participation in ongoing clinical trials. Clients who are interested in participating in one of the clinical trials will meet with a research analyst following the psychiatric consultation for more detailed description of the available studies and will undergo more detailed screening to ensure eligibility.  Clients who are not eligible for participation in one of the clinical research trials may or may not be eligible to receive treatment outside of one of the clinical trials.

Who can be referred?

  • ECT: Severe and/or treatment-resistant psychiatric illnesses: Unipolar Depression, Bipolar Disorder, Schizoaffetive Disorder, and Schizophrenia primarily
  • rTMS: Depression that has not responded to at least one antidepressant trial, Bipolar depression, Anorexia Nervosa
  • MST: Unipolar Depression, Bipolar Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Schizophrenia, and OCD


Note: Clients with active substance use disorders may not be appropriate for a brain stimulation intervention but they can still be referred for consultation. 

Current Research projects include:

  • Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to Evaluate the Role of Clozapine Potentiation of Gaba in the Treatment of Schizophrenia
  • Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Treatment Study to Enhance Working Memory Deficits in Patients with Schizophrenia
  • Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Treatment Resistant Depressive Disorder
  • Cortical Inhibition in the Pathophysiology and Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder
  • Paired Associative Stimulation in the Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex in Patients with Schizophrenia: A combined rTMS and Electroencephalography study across the Lifespan
  • The Effects of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Healthy Human Subjects
  • Inhibition of Gamma Oscillations as a Neurophysiological Endophenotype of Schizophrenia
  • Measuring Cortical Inhibition in Patients with Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder: A TMS EEG study

To Make a Referral:

Referral Required: Yes

Please have your doctor complete a CAMH Referral Form and fax it to Access CAMH, CAMH’s centralized intake. If you have any questions about the referral or intake process, please call Access CAMH.

Access CAMH phone: 416-535-8501, press 2

Access CAMH fax: 416-979-6815

If you are an existing client or would like to cancel/reschedule your appointment, please contact:

416-535-8501 x32130

Location: 1001 Queen Street West
Unit 4, Ground Floor

CAMH Switchboard 416-535-8501
CAMH General Information Toronto: 416-595-6111 Toll Free: 1-800-463-6273
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Toronto, ON
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Toronto, ON
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