What are integrated care pathways?
An integrated care pathway (ICP) is a new approach at CAMH to treating a person who needs help. That person needs to see the right care providers, in the right order, in the right place, at the right time. An ICP makes sure this happens, by identifying a care team of different professionals and mapping out the treatment process from start to finish. An ICP takes a structured, evidence-based approach to care, and puts the person at the centre, resulting in better care.
ICPs have been used in some parts of the medical system for several decades. But it is only recently that they have been developed for mental health and addictions care. Click on the graphic in the margin to see a client’s journey through the Schizophrenia ICP.
Who is on this ICP team?
The patient is at the centre of the team. Around them is a group of professionals communicating with each other about the treatment plan. The team includes a physician, a nurse, an occupational therapist, a recreation therapist, a social worker and a pharmacist. If it would be helpful for a particular patient, other professionals might also be involved.
How does it work?
CAMH’s Complex Mental Illness treatment units provide treatment for people who have been diagnosed with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. Patients may come to the unit through the Emergency Department or may be transferred from another CAMH unit.
When a patient is admitted, staff work with the patient and their family members to identify their medical, self-care, therapeutic and social support needs, preferences and goals. Then the care team works together to develop personal treatment and transition plans. The team will check in on the patient’s goals throughout their stay and will adjust the treatment plan as needed.
About the treatments
All ICPs at CAMH include both medication and non-medication treatment (see the map of the treatment process below).
Patients on this ICP receive medication to control their symptoms, as well as to manage possible side-effects of this medication. The medical professionals on the team will also assess a patient’s physical health during their stay.
Non-medication treatments are based on each patient’s particular needs. They can include:
For more information about integrated care pathways, please see our main ICP page.