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Infection Prevention and Control Centre for Addiction
and Mental Health

Clostridium difficile (CDI)

​C. difficile is a bacteria found in soil and other natural environments. It can also live in your gut or bowel along with many other kinds of bacteria. C. difficile is one of the most common infections found in hospitals and long-term care facilities.

Antibiotics used to treat infections kill many of the good bowel bacteria and allow C. Difficile to grow causing irritation of the bowel and diarrhea. This can happen with antibiotics taken at home or while staying in the hospital. Symptoms can include watery diarrhea, fever, abdominal pain or tenderness. Blood may or may not be present in the stool.

Treatment depends on the severity of the illness. People with mild symptoms may not need treatment. For more severe disease, the doctor will order antibiotics.

Clostridium difficile spores persist for a long time in the environment. Transmission due to contaminated environmental sources and poor hand hygiene practices contribute to its spread within health care institutions. As a safety measure, staff will provide care using special precautions to prevent spread of the infection to other patients. The patient will be moved to a new room and their activities outside their room will be restricted. Health care providers entering the affected patient’s room may wear a gown and gloves. Everyone must clean their hands when they enter and exit the room, including the patient and their visitors. Special cleaning and disinfection of the environment must be strictly followed.

 

 C. difficile Infection Rates

 

Health care associated CDI rate per 1000 patient days.

Fiscal 2016/2017

 Queen Street Site

College Street Site

April

0

0

May

0

0

June

0

0

July

0

0

August

0

0

September

0

0

October

0

0

November

0

0

December

0

0

January

 0         

0

February

-

-

March

-

-

 

Fiscal 2015/2016

 Queen Street Site

 College Street Site

April 2015 to March 2016

0

0

See Patient Safety Indictor Public Reporting at the Ministry of Health and Long Term Care.

CAMH Switchboard 416-535-8501
CAMH General Information Toronto: 416-595-6111 Toll Free: 1-800-463-6273
Connex Ontario Help Lines
Queen St.
1001 Queen St. W
Toronto, ON
M6J 1H4
Russell St.
33 Russell St.
Toronto, ON
M5S 2S1
College St.
250 College St.
Toronto, ON
M5T 1R8
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