Treatment for Schizophrenia
People with schizophrenia may be treated as outpatients or they may be hospitalized. Treatment usually consists of medication and psychosocial interventions.
Antipsychotic medications are the main class of drugs used to treat schizophrenia. They relieve symptoms of psychosis and may help to prevent relapse. Other medications may be prescribed to help manage the side-effects of antipsychotics or to treat particular symptoms, such as depression, anxiety or sleep difficulties.
Psychosocial treatments include:
- cognitive-behavioural therapy
- family support and education and family counselling
- social skills and life skills training.
Schizophrenia usually develops in young people during the years when they would normally develop the skills needed for independent living. A variety of programs, such as case management, academic and employment counselling and housing programs, are often used to help people develop these skills.
It is difficult to predict how well a person will recover after the onset of schizophrenia.
Adapted from Schizophrenia: A Guide for People with Schizophrenia and Their Families © 1999 Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
- Some people only have one episode of symptoms.
- Some people have recurring episodes of symptoms. Many of these people can live independently with limited supports between episodes
- Some people will need medication and support for the rest of their lives.